Types of Vegan and Vegetarian Diets

You don’t have to put a label on it, but if you want to know some of the most popular animal-friendly diets, here’s your go-to guide:

Vegetarian: Someone who doesn’t eat any animals, as well as products that have been made using any part of an animal. This includes meat, fish, poultry, shellfish, seafood, insects, and any by-products of slaughter (example: gelatin and rennet). Vegetarians still eat eggs, dairy, and honey.

  • Lacto-Ovo-Vegetarian: A vegetarian who eats dairy and eggs.
  • Lacto-Vegetarian: A vegetarian who eats dairy but not eggs.
  • Ovo-Vegetarian: A vegetarian who eats eggs but not dairy.

Vegan: Someone who doesn’t eat any animals or by-products of animals, dairy, eggs, and honey. Vegans also refrain from using any animal products whatsoever, from wearing leather to using makeup that was tested on animals.

Although they’re not totally cruelty-free, many people also eat less meat — just not all of it. Most of the time, people start with one of these diets and transition into becoming a full-on vegetarian or vegan.

  • Pescatarians:  Someone who avoids all meat except fish and seafood. They also eat eggs and dairy.
  • Flexitarian: Someone who mostly eats a vegetarian diet, but eats meat once and a while.
  • Pollo Vegetarian: Someone who avoids red meat and fish but eats chicken.
  • Pesco Pollo Vegetarian: Someone who avoids red meat but eats chicken and fish.

Though these are the two most well-known types of diets in the plant-based world, you don’t have to let the definitions stop you from being even more animal-friendly. For example, not purchasing leather isn’t just something vegans do — many vegetarians are also very strict about only purchasing cruelty-free products.

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